The skin is the largest organ of the body, and like all other body parts, it must be constantly taken good care of. Despite the fact that skin types vary from person to person, the basic regimen for skin care remains the same for all. Some might have to devote more time and care for more troublesome skin problems like acne and excess oil, but overall maintenance should not be a big a problem.
The basic skin care regimen begins with cleansing. This is the first and most important step as washing the skin removes the layers of dirt accumulated throughout the day. Although, it is advisable to use a makeup remover to take off makeup before washing the face in order to really get rid of dirt. Cleansing the skin should be done at most twice a day—one in the morning upon waking up and one before going to sleep. It is not recommended to wash the face often throughout the day as this may dry or damage skin.
While there are many types of cleanser available in the market, one must choose the right type for their skin type. Be wary of using soap bars as they have more ingredients that can dry the skin, even if the skin type is oily. Wash face with lukewarm water and pat dry.
The second step is to tone. While this may sound a bit foreign to some people, toning the skin means applying a toner or astringent that can be bought in most drug stores to help get rid of remaining oil, makeup, and other dirt that cannot be done away with just cleanser and water. Toners or astringents can prevent breakouts and also reduce oil on the skin, especially in the T-zone area (forehead, nose, and chin). As with the skin cleanser, use a toner or astringent that is suited for said skin type: mild toners for dry skin, astringent or witch hazel based toners for those with oily skins.
Last but not the least, moisturize. There are some people who believe that using moisturizers are limited only to those with dry skin—this is not true. Regardless of skin type, the skin needs moisture in order to be healthy. As with the rest of the skin care products, choose one that goes your skin type. Use moisturizer sparingly; remember that it is not how much product is applied on the face but how much the skin can absorb it. Be careful not to over-moisturize too as this can clog pores.
Most dermatologists recommend getting a moisturizer with SPF to protect against the harmful rays of the sun. Using sunscreen helps reduce wrinkles and brown spots that can develop later on in life, so there is no better excuse to start using sunscreen or moisturizer with SPF today!
Other than these steps, there are a few things that can be done to keep the skin blemish-free and healthy. One is to keep drinking plenty of water as water flushes out the toxins and helps re-hydrate the skin from within. For regular makeup wearers, go for a day without makeup to allow the skin to breathe and relax.